How to Take Care of Your Gums

We usually pay a lot of attention to our teeth but we sometimes neglect our gums. Without good care, they might hurt, become inflamed, and be a reason for discomfort.

5-Minute Crafts is going to tell you about the symptoms of gum problems and how to prevent them.

❗The information in this article is simply for your information. If you need an exact diagnosis, treatment plan, and preventive measures, we recommend that you see a doctor.

How to understand that you have gum problems

Problems may start when there’s dental plaque under and along the gum line. The plaque is a sticky film of bacteria, slime, food leftovers, and other things. Over time, it solidifies into tartar which is where bacteria lives. It causes gum inflammation.

  • The early stage of the problem is called “gingivitis.” The gums swell and they become sensitive. There might be some bleeding. But the bones and the tissue holding the teeth remain intact. This means that you can treat gingivitis on its own if you follow the rules of mouth hygiene.
  • But if you ignore these problems, the problem will go further and turn into periodontitis. It affects not only the gums’ surface but also the bones holding the teeth. This stage requires professional help to prevent tooth loss.
  • The final stage is progressing periodontitis. The bones and the tissue holding the teeth are destroyed. In some cases, the teeth have to be removed.

Other signs of gum problems:

  1. Constant bad smell
  2. Loose teeth
  3. Bleeding gums
  4. Pain in the gums, especially when chewing

Fortunately, gum disease can be prevented. We’ll tell you about some ways to keep them healthy.

1. Pay attention to the space between the teeth.

Use tooth floss at least once a day before you use a toothbrush. It will help you remove the dental plaque and the food leftovers that are hard to reach with a toothbrush.

Remember that the area between the teeth and the gums is where dental plaque is formed. It is important to use the floss correctly.

Use the following technique:

  • Cut off 40-45 cm of the floss, wrap it around the middle fingers of both hands, and hold it between the thumbs and index fingers.
  • Put the floss between the teeth and go up and down.
  • When the floss gets to the gum line, wrap it around the tooth. Carefully clean each side going up and down.
  • Repeat with all of the other teeth.

2. Brush your teeth correctly.

The right toothbrush technique is also really important. Don’t use hard toothbrushes and don’t press on them too much: it can damage the gums and lead to inflammation. Use soft toothbrushes and be careful.

Also, pay enough attention to the gum line to prevent dental plaque from appearing there. If you can, use an electric toothbrush. According to studies, it is 21% more effective at removing dental plaque and 11% better at reducing gum inflammation.

Here are a few more tips:

  • Brush your teeth for 2 full minutes in the morning and in the evening.
  • Use toothpaste that contains fluoride.
  • During the procedure, hold the brush at a 45-degree angle to the gum line.
  • Do slow round movements.
  • Brush teeth on both sides.
  • Each tooth should get about 15-20 movements.
  • Don’t press onto the teeth.
  • Replace your toothbrush every 3 or 4 months and also after having a cold or similar ailment.
  • Don’t store your toothbrush in a closed container. It stimulates the development of bacteria.

3. Change your diet.

In order to produce the acids that make the tooth enamel weaker, bacteria need sugar. Every time the teeth come into contact with it, the process of demineralization starts. So, it would be wise to eat less sugar and try to avoid:

  • sodas
  • cookies
  • candy
  • chocolate
  • other sweet foods
  • fast food that contains sugar

Instead, eat more calcium-containing foods. For example, milk, yogurt, and cheese. Calcium supports the bone tissue that keeps the teeth in their place.

4. Visit the dentist often.

You can’t take good care of your gums on your own without visiting a dentist. Dental plaque and tartar are hard to remove at home, so professional cleaning is the only way to get rid of them.

Besides, regular dentist visits help you to detect gum problems early on, start treatment on time, and prevent further health issues.

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