A Guide on Different Horse Breeds
It’s believed that horses started to be domesticated around 6,000 years ago. Since then, these animals have been used for a wide variety of purposes, including sports events, transportation, companionship, and therapy for different mental conditions.
5-Minute Crafts has created this guide with some of the most common horse breeds and their main characteristics.
Pony breeds (100 to 800 pounds):
They’re characterized by their feathered legs and shaggy manes and tails. They’re generally black and brown in color. However, they can also be bay and gray.
Also known as “connies,” these ponies are friendly and intelligent. They have short, strong legs with a fine back and neck. Their prominent cheekbones give them a sweet appearance.
Originally from Ireland, connemara ponies are known to be athletic and sure-footed, which make them great for different sports events, as well as perfect to be ridden by adults and children.
Shetland ponies are one of the most popular pony breeds in the world. They originated in the Shetland Islands in Britain, where inhabitants domesticated them for different purposes, including transport and harvesting.
This breed is known for its strength, which can be seen in its short muscular legs. At the same time, it has a prominent tail, forelock, and mane. Shetland ponies are commonly black and dark brown.
Small horse breeds (600 to 800 pounds):
Paso Fino horses are considered “the smoothest riding horse in the world” due to their rhythmic, straight, and balanced gait. This feature has also encouraged people to train these horses for show and competition.
Moreover, the Paso Fino can be identified by its refined head, strong and supportive neck, well-defined legs, and its long mane and tail.
Icelandic horses are considered a very versatile breed, suitable for racing and therapeutic riding. They can be found in different countries around the world, as they are great at adapting to varying climates.
They’re characterized by their welcoming character. At the same time, they’re friendly, cooperative, and quick to learn.
These horses are originally from western Norway. They’re considered one of the best horse breeds for children due to their placid character and easiness to adjust to people’s energy. Moreover, they can be a great companion for adults who are willing to ride a smaller mount.
Norwegian Fjord horses can be found in a variety of colors, including pale yellow-brown, cream, and pale silver.
Light horse breeds (900 to 1,300 pounds):
In the past, these horses were reproduced for transport, battle, and hunting. However, they can now be seen in riding, rodeo events, and as working cattle.
Arabian horses are usually thought to be the first breed domesticated by humans, being more than 5,000 years old. Although they’re originally from the Middle East, they can be found in multiple places across the world.
Morgan horses can be recognized by their upright necks and athleticism. At the same time, they’re considered a lovable and affordable breed.
Warmblood breeds (1,300 to 1,700 pounds):
Oldenburg horses are compact in size with fairly short legs. They have a deep chest, a long and strong neck, and large hooves. They’re usually found in black, brown, or gray.
Because of their athletic ability, Oldenburg horses can be trained as show-jumpers. Moreover, the ones that excel at this international sport can be sold for a good amount of money.
The Trakehner breed can reach up to 16.2 hands high. They can be found in different colors — bay, black, and gray being the most common ones. They have muscular legs, a long neck, and large eyes, which give these horses an expressive look.
Draft breeds (1,600 to 2,200 pounds):
They can reach up to 17 hands high and weigh up to 2,000 pounds, making them one of the largest horse breeds in the world.
This breed is known to have a great presence, with an active and energetic character, but they’re also considered docile and gentle.