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How to Tell the Difference Between a Mouse and a Rat

Mice and rats belong to the same family of murids. It contains approximately 1,383 species of different rodents who can be differentiated by their physical features but lead a similar way of life.

5-Minute Crafts continues to describe the types of animals that are often confused. Today, we want to tell you about how to distinguish a mouse from a rat.

How to recognize a mouse

Mice are a few species from the murine family, such as the common house mouse, yellow-necked mouse, or wood mouse. They can be easily distinguished by the following features:

  • A pointed snout
  • Small rounded ears
  • A body-length scaly tail
  • Small size (from 4.5 to 8 inches, including the tail)
  • White, brown, or gray in color
  • A very curious nature, eager to explore unfamiliar places

How to recognize a rat

Rats are long-tailed rodents of the murine family, such as the black rat or the brown rat. You can distinguish them by the following features:

  • Medium or large in size (up to 16 inches in length or more)
  • A more blunt snout than that of the mouse
  • White, gray, brown, or black in color
  • Wiry and rough fur
  • A body-length thick scaly tail
  • Cautious, trying to avoid unfamiliar places
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