Types of Citrus Fruits and How They Are Different

Most citrus fruits we know are hybrids. They were made through the natural or artificial mixing of basic types of citrus: mandarins, citrons, and pomelos.

5-Minute Crafts is going to tell you about the basic kinds of citrus fruits and why they are different.

Mandarin

Mandarin is one of the basic non-hybrid kinds of citrus. It’s believed to have come from China. Mandarins are a bit flat, from 4 to 8 cm in diameter, they are sweet and a little sour.

Citron

Citrons are big yellow fruits with thick skins that came from India. They are usually long or egg-shaped and can reach 30 cm in length. Citrons are not very juicy and they have almost no taste but the skin is used a lot in Asian cuisine.

Together with mandarin and pomelo, citrons are one of the most basic citrus fruits that gave birth to all the others.

Pomelo

Pomelo is the biggest citrus fruit: it can be from 15 to 25 cm in diameter and 2 kg in weight. The skin color is from light green to yellow, and the pulp can be white or pink.

The taste of the pomelo is sweet — not bitter at all.

Lime

Limes are fruits that usually have green or yellow-green skin and yellow-green pulp. Depending on the fruit, limes can be from 2.5 to 6 cm in diameter and 8 cm in length. They might have seeds inside or not.

Limes are even more bitter and sour than lemons.

Lemon

Lemons are one of the most famous citrus fruits. They are small, yellow, and sour.

Thanks to their good properties, lemons are used in the food and cosmetic industry, and also in aromatherapy.

Orange

The oranges that so many people love are actually mixes of pomelos and mandarins. They are sweet and sometimes a little sour. The pulp is usually orange but there are also variations with red pulp.

Bitter orange

As you’ve probably guessed, bitter orange tastes bitter. The taste is so bitter that some people can’t eat bitter oranges at all. The skin of bitter oranges is much thicker than their ordinary counterparts.

Grapefruit

Grapefruits are a mix of pomelo and sweet orange. They are usually sweet-sour, quite big (from 10 to 15 cm in diameter), and they look a little bit like squashed balls. The skin is yellow-orange, and the pulp can be white, pink, or red depending on the type.

Kumquat

Kumquats look like tiny, plum-like oranges. In fact, kumquat means golden orange in Chinese. The taste is a little sour, and the shape is round or a little bit elongated. Kumquats are one of the few citrus fruits that can be eaten with the skin on.

Clementine

Clementines are small citrus fruits without seeds, and they are a lot like mandarins. They are honey-sweet and a little sour. They are more orange and sweeter than mandarins.

Bergamot orange

Bergamot is a citrus fruit that is yellow-green and about the size of an orange. It has a bright flavor, and it’s both sour and a bit bitter. Bergamots appeared as a mix of lemon and bitter orange.

Oroblanco

Oroblanco (sweetie) is a mix of pomelo and grapefruit. The fruit is green and has a sweet taste and a round shape. Sweeties have much thicker skin than grapefruits but, like grapefruits, they have bitter walls between the wedges.

Tangelo

Tangelo is a juicy citrus that is a mix of mandarin and grapefruit or mandarin and pomelo. It has bright red skin and it’s the size of an orange. The skin is easy to peel.

Yuzu

Yuzu, also known as the Japanese citron, is a citrus fruit that is 5.5-7.5 cm in diameter. It’s popular in Japan and Korea. The taste is reminiscent of grapefruit and mandarin.

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