Types of Citrus Fruits and How They Are Different
Most citrus fruits we know are hybrids. They were made through the natural or artificial mixing of basic types of citrus: mandarins, citrons, and pomelos.
5-Minute Crafts is going to tell you about the basic kinds of citrus fruits and why they are different.
Mandarin is one of the basic non-hybrid kinds of citrus. It’s believed to have come from China. Mandarins are a bit flat, from 4 to 8 cm in diameter, they are sweet and a little sour.
Citrons are big yellow fruits with thick skins that came from India. They are usually long or egg-shaped and can reach 30 cm in length. Citrons are not very juicy and they have almost no taste but the skin is used a lot in Asian cuisine.
Together with mandarin and pomelo, citrons are one of the most basic citrus fruits that gave birth to all the others.
Pomelo is the biggest citrus fruit: it can be from 15 to 25 cm in diameter and 2 kg in weight. The skin color is from light green to yellow, and the pulp can be white or pink.
The taste of the pomelo is sweet — not bitter at all.
Limes are fruits that usually have green or yellow-green skin and yellow-green pulp. Depending on the fruit, limes can be from 2.5 to 6 cm in diameter and 8 cm in length. They might have seeds inside or not.
Limes are even more bitter and sour than lemons.
Lemons are one of the most famous citrus fruits. They are small, yellow, and sour.
Thanks to their good properties, lemons are used in the food and cosmetic industry, and also in aromatherapy.
As you’ve probably guessed, bitter orange tastes bitter. The taste is so bitter that some people can’t eat bitter oranges at all. The skin of bitter oranges is much thicker than their ordinary counterparts.
Grapefruits are a mix of pomelo and sweet orange. They are usually sweet-sour, quite big (from 10 to 15 cm in diameter), and they look a little bit like squashed balls. The skin is yellow-orange, and the pulp can be white, pink, or red depending on the type.
Kumquats look like tiny, plum-like oranges. In fact, kumquat means golden orange in Chinese. The taste is a little sour, and the shape is round or a little bit elongated. Kumquats are one of the few citrus fruits that can be eaten with the skin on.
Oroblanco (sweetie) is a mix of pomelo and grapefruit. The fruit is green and has a sweet taste and a round shape. Sweeties have much thicker skin than grapefruits but, like grapefruits, they have bitter walls between the wedges.