What Gum Is Made Of
We at 5-Minute Crafts found out what gum is made of.
The main ingredient
It might seem that gum mostly consists of gum base. But it’s not really true. The main part of gum is the sweeteners that are 40-50 % of the weight. There are bulk and intensive sweeteners. The bulk ones are responsible for the initial sweetness you feel when you put a gum into you mouth. The intensive ones are responsible for prolonging the effect. The intensive sweeteners are sometimes encapsulated to delay the effect.
The bulk sweeteners may consist of sugar alcohol that doesn’t have any calories, such as sugar, glucose, dextrose, or corn syrup. And intensive sweeteners are synthetic aspartame, saccharine, and sucralose.
Gum base is about 25-35 % of the entire weight. The gum base is made from 3 main components: resin, wax, and elastomer. Resin is the main chewable part, wax is there to make it softer, and elastomers add flexibility. The molecular composition of gum base is very similar to that of plastics and rubbers.
Also, gum includes glycerine (2-15 %) for moisture, softener (1-2 %), and flavors (1,5-3 %). Some gums might include natural and synthetic colorants making the product look more attractive and make the coating.