5-Minute Crafts
5-Minute Crafts

What Berries Grow in the Forest

When summer comes, you can find berries in forests. But not all the berries you find can and should be eaten.

Together with 5-Minute Crafts, you will find out what edible forest berries there are and where to find them.

Wild strawberry

What it looks like:
The wild strawberry is a low-growing, deciduous herbaceous plant that stands 2-8 inches tall. The leaves are trifoliate, green on the outside, pale-green and dipped on the inside. Each part of the leaf is egg-shaped with serrated edges. The flowers are around 0.2 inches in diameter, with 5 white petals and a yellow middle part. The berries are green at first and bright-red later, egg-cone shaped, with small seeds on the surface.

Where it grows:
It’s often seen in meadows, open slopes, forest margins, forests, trails, and clearings.

When to collect:
The blooming period occurs in late spring and continues to the middle of summer. The berries appear in June-July.

Cranberry

What it looks like:
The cranberry is an evergreen dwarf shrub with trailing vines, 2-8 inches tall. The leaves are small, ever-green, and oval or elliptical in shape. The upper part of the leaf is dark green, smooth, and shiny, and the lower part is pale green with a white waxy layer. The flowers are small and look like 4-leaf bells. The berries are round, dark-red, and sour.

Where it grows:
It can be found in swamps and humid forests and prefers poor, sour soils.

When to collect:
The blooming period is from June through August. The berries can be collected from October to December.

Lingonberry

What it looks like:
The lingonberry is a short subshrub about 2 to 6 inches with small, oval, thick, green leaves. The flowers look like small white-pink bells and come in bunches, and the berries are red, not very big, from 1438 inches across, also in bunches. They taste bitter-sour and get sweet when they’re ripe.

Where it grows:
It grows in poorly developed mineral soils and peats. It can also be found found in forests, swamps, hilly areas, and windswept crags.

When to collect:
The blooming period is from May to June, and the berries appear from August to October.

Bilberry

What it looks like:
The bilberry is a perennial shrub growing up to 4 to 16 inches with egg-shaped bright green leaves that go red in fall. The flowers are bell-shaped, they have red, yellow, or green colors or a combination of those. The berries are ball-shaped with a flat top. They are dark, almost black, with a blue-purple shade. The flesh is dark red with a strong flavor and a rich sweet-sour taste.

Where it grows:
The plant grows wild in forests and meadows and on heathland and moors and requires a moist but freely-draining lime-free soil.

When to collect:
Blooming is from May to July, and the berries appear in the middle or the end of summer.

Elm leaf blackberry

What it looks like:
The elm leaf blackberry is a brambly spreading shrub that can grow almost 17 feet tall. The stems are interlacing, around 2 inches long. They might have spines. The flowers are around 1 inch in diameter with 5 white or pale pink petals. The berries are sweet, up to 1 inch in width and length, made up of approximately 20 to 50 single-seeded drupelets. When they are unripe, they are straw color or red and become black when the fruit is ripe.

Where it grows:
The plant can be seen in forests, swamps, or near water, on the sides of streams, forests, and even near roads. This plant prefers well-drained humid, acidic or basic soils.

When to collect:
The elm leaf blackberry blooms in July, and the berries appear in August-September.

Raspberry

What it looks like:
The raspberry is a shrub 3-6 feet tall with imparipinnate elongated leaves of 1-3 inches. The flowers are white with 5 petals. The berries are round, up to 1 inch in diameter, made up of around 100 drupelets, and are very sweet.

Where it grows:
Raspberries often grow in places after forest fires or deforestation. They prefer well-drained soil with enough organic chemicals.

When to collect:
Raspberries usually bloom from June to August, and soon after blooming, the berries appear and are ripe.

Blueberry

What it looks like:
Blueberries can grow both on short shrubs up to 4 inches and on tall shrubs of 13-16 feet. The leaves are egg-shaped or elliptical, 0.3-3 inches. The flower buds are egg-shaped, red, and pointed, and the flowers themselves are white or pale pink, sometimes with a green shine. The ripe fruits are dark purple with a small crown at the end, with white plaque. They can be 0.2-0.6 inches in diameter, growing in bunches. Ripe blueberries have light-green flesh and a sweet taste with a bit of sourness.

Where it grows:
Blueberries don’t like thick shade, which is why it grows in open forest lands with wet, sour, well-saturated soil.

When to collect:
Blueberries usually ripen from June to August.

Stone bramble

What it looks like:
The stone bramble has stems as long as 7 to 23 inches, consisting of 3 parts. The inflorescence is a few-flowered corymb. Each flower has 5 narrow white petals. The berries are red, ball-shaped with a big pit inside, and sour.

Where it grows:
It grows in stony woods and by shady rocks, especially on basic rocks. It prefers moist, well-drained soil: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay).

When to collect:
It blooms from June to August, and the berries are ripe from July to September.

Cloudberry

What it looks like:
The cloudberry is a small plant with stems of 1.5-7 inches with round red leaves. The white (sometimes reddish-tipped) flowers have 4-5 white petals. The berries are 5 and 25 drupelets and are orange, red-orange, or amber in color once they are ripe.

Where it grows:
The cloudberry grows in swamps, wet meadows, tundras, and peatlands. It loves acidic soil.

When to collect:
Cloudberries bloom from June to August and ripen in early fall.

Rose hip

What it looks like:
Rose hip is a perennial shrub capable of growing up to 5 feet with sharp spines. It has 3-11 complex, pinnate, elliptical ovoid leaves. They may be pink or white and are 1.5-2 inches in diameter. The berries are oval, from orange to red.

Where it grows:
The shrub grows in the warm and temperate climates of the Northern hemisphere, steppe lands, forests, and ravines.

When to collect:
Rose hips begin to form after the pollination of flowers in spring or early summer, and they ripen in late summer through autumn.

5-Minute Crafts/Life/What Berries Grow in the Forest
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